Assess level of urban sprawl.
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Calculate the average population density of developed land (i.e. excluding undeveloped and restored/naturalized land) within the boundaries of the local government area.
Calculate the ratio of the annual land consumption rate to the annual population growth rate (as per SDG Indicator 11.3.1), where land consumption is a measure of the urbanised land area. With this alternative, decreasing scores indicate a positive trend (the inverse of the base option).
A metro-area-scale measurement may be used, if applicable.